homework, all about homework !


标题: homework, all about homework !
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homework, all about homework !


大家想了解一下上海的学校,尤其是上海国际学校的孩子们的作业情况吗?想看看家长们,尤其是那些外国学生的家长们如何看待作业量的问题吗?相应地,这些孩子们和家长们面对作业,他们的态度如何,又是如何应对的?下面的文章可以给出一些答案。

看完之后,可以讨论分享一下各自的观点哦:) 如,你认为要不要留家庭作业?如果要留,作业量多少为合适?如何才能把握好孩子学业和其它方面发展的平衡?。。。。

不能全部看懂英语的家长让孩子来帮忙,练习一下阅读理解

转载:http://www.shfamily.com/blog/2011/08/22/the-h-word-tackling-the-homework-question/  作者: Lynette MacDonald

School’s in and that means homework is on the agenda again for Shanghai families. But what’s in it for the kids?
by Lynette MacDonald
August 2011

Does homework monopolize your family life? Is it the first thing you ask your children about when they get home from school? And the last thing you remind them of before they head off in the morning? Does homework time mean sulking and yelling, or is it an opportunity to spend quality time with your children?

For every family, the answers to these questions will be different. But as our kids roll up for their first few weeks of school for the year, setting the homework routine is one of the most important adjustments to make after the carefree summer break. For some the adjustment will be greater, especially kids coming from other countries into the hothouse of Shanghai schooling for the first time,

So what do the kids get out of homework?

How Much is Too Much?

Research on the topic from the USA, UK and Australia, suggests there may be some benefits from small amounts of homework compared to none at all, but that too much homework can, in fact, have a negative affect on students’ academic performance. In 2004, Education Queensland in Australia reviewed 64 mainly British and American studies into the effectiveness of homework and concluded that there is a “point of diminishing returns”, after which the more time spent studying actually produces worse academic results. It also concluded that students should be set no more than 10 minutes homework per night for each year of schooling (eg. 60 minutes in 6th Grade), up to a maximum of two hours per day in 12th Grade.

Leading US education researcher Alfie Kohn caused a sensation with his article The Truth About Homework (2006) when he suggested there is no evidence that homework has any benefits at elementary school level. His research also indicated that any perceived benefits from homework to test scores in high school, “have a tendency to disappear when more sophisticated statistical controls are applied.”

However, the chances of homework being relegated to the dustbin of educational history are slim.

Teacher Perspectives

A great deal of time and effort has been put into the question of whether homework is beneficial to children’s learning. It’s this research, along with personal experience as a teacher and education administrator, which has influenced Shanghai Community International School Middle School Principal Dan Kerr to reconsider the way homework will be set at the school.

Having read the research, Kerr calls himself a “no homework kind of guy”. He says his watershed moment occurred “the first time I saw an 11 year old who was cutting herself. I’ve worked in Toronto, Abu Dabi, Jakarta and now Shanghai, and I’ve seen this everywhere I’ve been. From my perspective, even if there’s only one kid doing this due to academic stress, we have to look at our programs. If one is doing it then others will be feeling it and not reacting in the same way.”

However, that won’t mean no homework at all for SCIS Middle School students, but a time limit of 15 minutes per subject per day, and guidelines to ensure that homework set is relevant to and consolidates what’s been taught in class during the day.

It’s a principle that forms the basis of the homework guidelines at Yew Chung International School as well. Matt Grady is Key Stage 3 Coordinator at Yew Chung International School (YCIS) and he says, “Homework helps our students to understand, consolidate and extend what’s been covered in class. Beyond academic performance, homework encourages students to work and learn independently which becomes more important as our students head towards higher education. We have weekly staff and departmental meetings to monitor homework load … and seldom set homework as a task that is due the next day … (to) relieve the ‘due tomorrow’ anxiety.”

Stressed Out

Psychologist Patty LaValle says homework can be immensely stressful for kids in Grades 6-12, particularly in Shanghai where “the pressure comes not only from parents who want their kids to be academically near perfect, but also from peer pressure to be the best, and finally internally driven by the student.” She points to the fact that expat kids typically have high achieving, risk taking parents, who produce kids very similar to themselves. LaValle adds, “You then add the Asian influence of higher academic expectations (the tiger mom syndrome) and the pressures are exceedingly high.” She says many teens can’t handle the pressure and turn to drugs, alcohol, sex, eating disorders, and other high risk behaviors to cope. “I worked with a group of high school boys who were athletes and good students who were caught smoking marijuana and when asked why they chose to smoke they said to relieve academic stress. In the States, the answer would have been because they were curious.”

Home Life

Perhaps the most telling comparison to make is between the homework demands on children today, and those of their parents. Shanghai’s international and bilingual schools are inhabited by expat families who come from many different countries, and so the homework history of the parents is quite varied. However, one thing is common. None of the high achieving parents I interviewed did anywhere near the amount of homework their own children do now.
The Bongart family is a long-term expat family whose children were born in China to German parents. The three children, Antonia (13), Caroline (11) and Tibor (10) have each attended local Chinese school, before moving on to American international school (Antonia) and British bilingual school (Caroline and Tibor). Having experienced the rigors of the Chinese local system, for these kids, homework is just part of life.

Mom Maya Bongart says, “It was toughest for Antonia (in Chinese school). In 1st Grade we had a tutor fetch her from school, take her home and they did one hour of homework together. But we were flexible to adapt to each child’s needs. We took Tibor out (of Chinese school) after only three months because we didn’t want to push him beyond his limits.”

Despite the fact her three children complete between 45 minutes and 1½ hours of homework each night, Bongart says, “Personally, I don’t see the point of homework in primary school. (Back in Germany) We went to school until 12 noon, and we’re still not dumb.” However she adds, “If they do what everyone else does, then they don’t suffer from it. The children don’t know anything else.” Indeed, of the children only Caroline commented, “I feel stressed sometimes if I don’t understand the questions, if they’re too difficult. But then I just ask the teacher the next day.”

By comparison, Australian mom Alexis Lawrence is encouraging her daughter, Cameron, to return to Australia and attend boarding school until her parents repatriate at the end of 2012, rather than meet the tougher homework expectations in Shanghai. She draws direct comparisons between the homework load at her child’s former Australian private school where five hours per week is required in 7th Grade, compared with 8 hours per week at her international school in Shanghai.

Lawrence, whose older son James has just completed 12th Grade, says she doesn’t want her daughter to go through the same pressure to complete the IB course. She says, “For Grades 11 and 12, they expect six hours of homework per subject per week. With six subjects, that’s 36 hours, the equivalent of a full-time job. Back in Australia, there’s more of a balance between school and leisure activities and time for kids to just hang out.” Lawrence adds, “I did almost no homework even in high school, and I was accepted into university and completed my degree.”

When Beth and Rob Parker moved with their three children from Ohio, USA three years ago, they chose to put the kids into a local Chinese school with an international stream. At the time of the move the children were all at elementary school and, back in the States, routinely brought home no homework. Mom Beth says, “As a parent, that troubled me. How could I know how they were coping with the school work? And help them when they needed it?”

Three years down the track, and Jason (9th Grade), Sarah (6th Grade) and Brian (4th Grade) are accustomed to nightly, and even holiday homework. Fourteen year old Jason is less than impressed by his homwork load. As the family lives quite a distance from school, Jason says he tries to do as much of his homework at school, during lunch time and between classes. He says the total each day is between 2 and 2 hours, but that it’s inconsistent. Jason says, “Some days I have almost no homework, and other days I have tons. It’s frustrating because the teachers don’t talk to each other and when I complain they say it’s all part of the learning process.” This erratic workload also has flow-on effects for Jason’s siblings as he admits, “When I have too much homework, I get in a really bad mood and really stressed out. Then I take it out on my brother and sister.”

While all three Parker kids say they sometimes are stressed by homework, they also note that their workloads are much lighter than the other kids in their classes who attend academies or music and art lessons after school, and then complete homework late into the night.

The major concern for Beth Parker is finding kids who are allowed to play or have “down time” with her own. She explains, “We’ve asked for Brian’s friends to come over for a sleepover on the weekend, but their parents won’t let them come until after the exams. They’re in 4th Grade and they have to study all weekend.”

Thanks Mom!

It would be a brave school, indeed, that embarked on a “no homework” policy in Shanghai where much of children’s afterschool workload is set by their parents.
Shanghai Singapore International School parent Winnie Suli Yong is mom to 9 year old Aren and 5 year old Keira. She is also refreshingly frank about her decision to set extra homework for her children in addition to the homework set by their teachers, attributing it to her own competitiveness. “My daughter enjoys doing extra work. The school does not set homework at her age, so I buy workbooks from the States or Singapore and she does 15 to 30 minutes per day. My son only gets about half an hour of homework per night, so I give him test papers from Singapore and he has tutoring in Math and Chinese.”

So does this extra “mom” homework make for a harmonious home? Asked if he enjoys doing homework, Aren says he finds it “irritating”. Mom Winnie adds, “I do nag at him. Sometimes I force him to do it, sometimes I let it go. I really don’t want to force him. Sometimes it might get a little ugly.” For the record, growing up in Singapore Winnie doesn’t remember having homework in elementary school, and says her parents thought she could look after herself, so weren’t involved in homework in later years.

Getting the Balance Right

If you accept that homework isn’t going to go away, the question is, how do families get the balance right? According to SCIS’s Dan Kerr, there’s got to be commitment from parents as well as schools. He says, “We’ve got to allow kids to relax and do nothing sometimes. That means not letting them take on too many after school activities, and for parents, there’s an expectation that you are spending time with your kids.” Matt Grady from YCIS concurs, “…many students these days are also spending extra time on academics at home with private tutors and enrolling in other outside education courses. However, from my perspective it is equally important to be focusing on developing non-academic interests and activities.”

[ 本帖最后由 hlp525 于 2011-9-28 11:06 编辑 ]







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如果 2011-9-29 19:15 金钱 +50 置顶奖励
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ddmaomi 2011-9-28 15:48 威望 +1 学习一下。
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whowh 2011-9-28 12:45 金钱 +2 谢谢你了
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回复: homework, all about homework !

“If they do what everyone else does, then they don’t suffer from it. The children don’t know anything else.” 看到这句, 看到中国式妈妈的缩影。

我孩子每天见到我第一句话就是:妈妈, 今天作业***。昨天说作业很好, 骑了两圈自行车就回来写作业了, 从4点做到6点。 我们还是elementary school, 想想中学就可怕。


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hlp525 2011-9-28 11:15 威望 +10 谢谢你了
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回复: homework, all about homework !

作为中国虎妈, 觉得还是要留家庭作业,  就翻翻书复习一下吧, 半小时最多了对于现在的我们。然后就可以阅读啊, 半小时到一小时, 这个也是学习, 然后做自己孩子喜欢的事,一个小时到二小时。


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hlp525 2011-9-28 11:15 威望 +10 谢谢你了
hlp525 2011-9-28 11:15 金钱 +10 谢谢你了
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总有些路,必须一个人走



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回复: homework, all about homework !

不知道现在中学生有多少作业哟!

我认识一个小地方高一的,基本上是做完作业就到十一二点了。
所以他的同学很多都不做完。
但他很勤恳的都做完,最快也要到十一点多。
父母都忧虑呢。

另外一个高一的女孩也这样,作业连上自习,正常要到十一二点,考试之前一周,基本要到2-3点,等于没有几个小时的睡眠时间。

想想真可怕。

我对学习的看法,还是悠着点儿,日子还长着呢,何必把一辈子要读的书、要做的作业都集中在十八年一股脑儿的都塞给孩子呢?
看看那些高考之后撕书的图片,怎一个心颤了得!


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hlp525 2011-9-28 11:37 金钱 +10 我很赞同。
hlp525 2011-9-28 11:37 威望 +10 我很赞同。




暂别。。。
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回复 #4 wanyi77 的帖子

写作业要到2~3点!

如果,到了高中,孩子要经历这样的痛苦学习,我觉得不读书也罢....

如果我们还同意孩子写完作业后才睡觉,就是“助纣为虐”!


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hlp525 2011-9-28 13:05 威望 +10 痛快:) 我赞成!
hlp525 2011-9-28 13:05 金钱 +10 痛快:) 我赞成!
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回复: homework, all about homework !

我的观点作业要尽量少,没有也行:)

我平时不怎么和老师沟通,老师布置太多作业,我没能力限制。但孩子这边,我会保证孩子休息,到了休息时间,夺过孩子的笔,把她按到床上。

如果作业量长期过大,也只能长期有选择地部分完成。

我不会去帮着社会毁自己的孩子!


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新叶 2011-10-4 05:43 威望 +10 提前学习!
新叶 2011-10-4 05:43 金钱 +10 提前学习!
rzmg001 2011-9-29 08:18 威望 +2 赞同,问题是老师那里你通得过吗?
rzmg001 2011-9-29 08:18 金钱 +2 赞同,问题是老师那里你通得过吗?
风淡云清518 2011-9-28 22:59 金钱 +2 真是个好妈妈!
风淡云清518 2011-9-28 22:59 威望 +2 真是个好妈妈!
子川妈 2011-9-28 22:18 金钱 +10 我好喜欢。。。
子川妈 2011-9-28 22:18 威望 +10 我好喜欢。。。
ddmaomi 2011-9-28 15:45 金钱 +1 真好哇!
ddmaomi 2011-9-28 15:45 威望 +1 真好哇!
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回复: homework, all about homework !

初中比小学作业多多了 和儿子一起看 儿子是一定要不择不扣的完成作业的 谢谢分享


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hlp525 2011-9-28 15:59 威望 +10 谢谢你了
hlp525 2011-9-28 15:59 金钱 +10 谢谢你了
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回复: homework, all about homework !

阳阳在小学5-6年级碰到的数学班主任是一直不留回家作业的,一律要求在校完成。阳阳班级的数学非但没有退步,每次考试都是年级前列。进了中学,现在笔头作业不多的,口头作业较多,但阳阳基本和小学一样,在7点半前能把所有作业完成了。不过现在是开始阶段,以后不知道会咋样。


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婧珂妈 2012-1-18 13:23 威望 +2 这样的学校真让人羡慕!
婧珂妈 2012-1-18 13:23 金钱 +2 这样的学校真让人羡慕!
thyxxc 2011-10-4 15:03 威望 +2 这是啥子学校,咋这让人眼馋呢!(*^__^*)
thyxxc 2011-10-4 15:03 金钱 +2 这是啥子学校,咋这让人眼馋呢!(*^__^*)
rzmg001 2011-9-29 08:20 威望 +2 学校早该这样
rzmg001 2011-9-29 08:20 金钱 +2 学校早该这样
阿小小 2011-9-28 18:07 威望 +2 真好哇!
阿小小 2011-9-28 18:07 金钱 +2 真好哇!
hlp525 2011-9-28 15:57 金钱 +10 我好喜欢。。。
hlp525 2011-9-28 15:57 威望 +10 我好喜欢。。。
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回复: homework, all about homework !

重要的是作业的质量, 没有必要重复的大量的作业甚至是孩子已掌握的东西。我孩子4年级, 还没有这个问题i。

这里的大学,学生们睡得很少的,一般都是2,3点睡,早上的课最早的9:00am 开始


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hlp525 2011-9-28 19:18 金钱 +10 大学生这么晚也不行啊。
hlp525 2011-9-28 19:18 威望 +10 大学生这么晚也不行啊。
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回复: homework, all about homework !

我家的高一了,在市里的重点中学,每天在学校上晚自习到9点,回家来还有大概40-60分钟的作业要写。孩子说她的心情和完成作业情况成正比,在学校作业差不多快写完或已经写完的情况下,心情就很好。否则,晚上放学回来,也还是绷着那根弦。

想想也是,成人经过一天的劳累,晚上都想休息、放松一下了,可孩子晚上要写到11点甚至更晚。


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hlp525 2011-9-28 19:18 威望 +10 我知道很多高中生更晚,心疼孩子们啊!
hlp525 2011-9-28 19:18 金钱 +10 我知道很多高中生更晚,心疼孩子们啊!
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宝儿学校的作业不多

孩子有点作业是应该的,否则不练习能学会写字吗?

零压力是不可能的,我个人感觉零压力也不见得就是健康的生活方式,无论是孩子和大人,张弛有度最好。

我同意作业应该和年级成比例。

宝儿没有写昨天留的作业,因为今天运动会不交。今天下午去同学家玩没有写,晚上快9点开始写,10点之前写完,现在洗完澡了。

学校的作业基本上是每天一个小时的量,宝儿很多时候在学校写完一部分,回家作业不多,有时候在学校就写完了。

[ 本帖最后由 xxbzh 于 2011-9-28 22:14 编辑 ]


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hlp525 2011-10-6 11:06 威望 +10 谢谢你了
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回复 #1 hlp525 的帖子

好想说几句,无奈得出门,明天才能回来
等回来再分享一下我所见到的情况吧


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hlp525 2011-10-6 11:09 威望 +10 谢谢你了
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回复: homework, all about homework !

我家今年小一,17:45下课,有些作业已经在学校完成了,如果通不过的回家在完成,回家要完成语文的课文阅读,默写单词;数学要复习一遍今天做的题目和教得内容,还有口算;英文也是在复习已经学过的课文;就这样也要弄到9点才能阅读,9:30睡觉,我也向让孩子早点睡,可怎么也快不起来。苦恼啊!


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hlp525 2011-10-6 11:06 威望 +10 谢谢你了
hlp525 2011-10-6 11:06 金钱 +10 谢谢你了
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三棵小树mom
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回复: homework, all about homework !

我家女儿初一,开学以来一直晚上十一二点睡觉,最晚的一次一点半。我很心疼,叫她随便写,她说做错了老师打人。最近一周好一点,基本十点半睡。身体垮了,成绩好又有什么用呢。


本帖最近评分记录
hlp525 2011-10-6 11:08 金钱 +10 这么晚睡,第二天怎么听课啊!
hlp525 2011-10-6 11:08 威望 +10 这么晚睡,第二天怎么听课啊!
新叶 2011-10-4 05:46 威望 +10 真是痛心
新叶 2011-10-4 05:46 金钱 +10 真是痛心
Adeley 2011-9-29 10:45 金钱 +2 怎么会这样呢?
Adeley 2011-9-29 10:45 威望 +2 怎么会这样呢?
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aabbxx
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回复: homework, all about homework !

心疼但无奈,儿子是一定要完成作业的,谢谢分享 ~~


本帖最近评分记录
hlp525 2011-10-6 11:08 威望 +10 谢谢你了
hlp525 2011-10-6 11:08 金钱 +10 谢谢你了
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